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Section 5: Terms Used in the Field

This section defined a number of basic terms used in this module. These terms have been highlighted in purple throughout the module, allowing you to rollover the term to see the definition.

A recording of facts, concepts, or instructions on a storage medium for communication, retrieval, and analysis.
Data-driven process of local reentry:
The process of collecting and analyzing data to make appropriate decisions when transitioning individuals from the jail to the community.
Data mining:
The “process of analyzing data in order to determine patterns and their relationships.”1
Management information system:
“An information collection and analysis system, usually computerized, that facilitates access to program and participant information. It is usually designed and used for administrative purposes.”2
Primary data:
Original data obtained directly from individuals through screening, assessment, surveys, interviews, or focus groups.
Secondary data:
Useful data already collected for another purpose, such as health records and resource information.

1 Biere, Mike (2011). The new era of enterprise business intelligence: Using analytics to achieve a global competitive advantage. NY: IBM Press.

2 Bureau of Justice Assistance, Center for Program Evaluation and Performance Measurement. Available at

Let's Review

Let's revisit what we have learned so far in the Data-Driven Understanding of Local Reentry module. Please answer the following question.

Primary data are:


Now that you have completed this section, you understand key terminology that is used in this module.