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  • cover image for How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?

    How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?

    Calculating the answer to the question “How many people have ever lived on Earth?” is complicated. To begin with, when we initially wrote this article back in 1995, “modern” Homo sapiens (that is, people who were roughly like we are now) were thought to have first walked the Earth around 50,000 B.C.E. Discoveries now suggest modern Homo sapiens existed much earlier, around 200,000 B.C.E. This major change in our understanding of human existence spurred new calculations and consultations with experts, resulting in an estimate that about 117 billion members of our species have ever been born on Earth.


    How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?
    Author(s)
    Toshiko Kaneda and Carl Haub
    Publisher
    Population Reference Bureau (PRB)
    Publication Date
    05/18/2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services

    Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services

    In this Fifth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the Commission seeks to obtain detailed comment to enable it to make further progress toward ensuring that the rates, charges, and practices for and in connection with interstate and international inmate calling services meet applicable statutory standards.


    Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services
    Publisher
    Federal Communications Commission
    Volume, Issue, & Page
    Vol. 86, No. 142
    Publication Date
    7/28/2021
    • Correctional
    • Economy
  • cover image for Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2022

    Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2022

    This report offers some much-needed clarity by piecing together the data about this country’s disparate systems of confinement. It provides a detailed look at where and why people are locked up in the U.S., and dispels some modern myths to focus attention on the real drivers of mass incarceration and overlooked issues that call for reform.


    Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2022
    Author(s)
    Wendy Sawyer and Peter Wagner
    Publisher
    Prison Policy Initiative
    Publication Date
    3/14/2022
    • Correctional
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for International Migration Outlook 2021

    International Migration Outlook 2021

    The 2021 edition of International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and the labour market inclusion of immigrants in OECD countries. It also monitors recent policy changes in migration governance and integration in OECD countries. This edition includes two special chapters, one providing an in-depth analysis of the fiscal impact of migration in OECD countries since the mid 2000s and another on the causes and consequences of the residential segregation of immigrants. The Outlook also includes country notes and a detailed statistical annex.


    International Migration Outlook 2021
    Publisher
    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    Publication Date
    10/8/2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for UNFPA Population Data Portal

    UNFPA Population Data Portal

    The Population Data Portal is UNFPA’s ultimate data source and tracker for population and development data. It combines the newest population data on topics like sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights, family planning, maternal health, or gender based violence gathered from a multiple sources.


    UNFPA Population Data Portal
    Publisher
    United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for World Health Statistics 2021

    World Health Statistics 2021

    The World health statistics report is the World Health Organization’s (WHO) annual compilation of the most recent available data on health and health-related indicators for its 194 Member States. The 2021 edition features the latest data for 50+ health-related indicators from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and WHO Triple Billion targets. The 2021 report additionally focuses on the human toll and impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, highlighting the importance of tracking inequalities and the urgency to accelerate progress to get back on track and recover equitably with the support of robust data and health information systems.


    World Health Statistics 2021
    Publisher
    World Health Organization (WHO)
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected under the First Step Act, 2021

    Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected under the First Step Act, 2021

    This is the third report as required under the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA; P.L. 115-391). It includes data on federal prisoners provided to BJS by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) for calendar year 2020. Under the FSA, BJS is required to report on selected characteristics of persons in prison, including marital, veteran, citizenship, and English-speaking status; education levels; medical conditions; and participation in treatment programs. Also, BJS is required to report facility-level statistics, such as the number of assaults on staff by prisoners, prisoners’ violations of rules that resulted in time credit reductions, and selected facility characteristics related to accreditation, on-site health care, remote learning, video conferencing, and costs of prisoners’ phone calls.


    Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected under the First Step Act, 2021
    Publisher
    Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Correctional
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for FUTURE OF WORK Insights for 2021 and Beyond

    FUTURE OF WORK Insights for 2021 and Beyond

    The aftermath of the 2008-09 financial crisis spotlighted unequal access to jobs and opportunities in the US. After the Occupy Wall Street protests, many industries and agencies re-examined policy areas for their impacts on inequality (including even the Federal Reserve1). Many policies today, including universal basic income,2 free education and health care, reduced labor inflows, and controlled trade and investments, are partly in response to unequal access to opportunities and uncertainties about the future of work.

    Meanwhile, artificial intelligence (AI) has exceeded human capability3 in such areas as image classification, language translation, and speech recognition. For example, DeepMind’s AlphaFold has generated breakthrough solutions in protein folding (a 50-year-old problem),4 while OpenAI’s GPT-3 can write HTML code to generate websites based only on human descriptions of what the site would look like.5 AI enables autonomous vehicles and navigational systems that allow ships to cross the Atlantic and planes to land without radio signals. Entire factories and ports are already fully automated, as are an increasing suite of services. The benefits for industries are deep and far-reaching.


    FUTURE OF WORK Insights for 2021 and Beyond
    Author(s)
    Kevin Klowden and Quintus Lim
    Publisher
    Milken Institute
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Domestic
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for U.S. Population Growth Rate 1950-2022

    U.S. Population Growth Rate 1950-2022

    Chart and table of U.S. population from 1950 to 2022. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100.

    • The current population of U.S. in 2022 is 338,289,857, a 0.38% increase from 2021.
    • The population of U.S. in 2021 was 336,997,624, a 0.31% increase from 2020.
    • The population of U.S. in 2020 was 335,942,003, a 0.49% increase from 2019.
    • The population of U.S. in 2019 was 334,319,671, a 0.66% increase from 2018.

    U.S. Population Growth Rate 1950-2022
    Publisher
    Macrotrends
    Publication Date
    2022
    • Domestic
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for U.S. Births Increased in 2021. But Don't Call It a Comeback.

    U.S. Births Increased in 2021. But Don't Call It a Comeback.

    Preliminary data from the National Center for Health Statistics show that the number of births in the United States rose in 2021 to just under 3.66 million, after falling to 3.61 million in 2020. While it might be tempting to call this increase—representing nearly 46,000 births—a rebound, we’ll need to see another year of growth before we can call it a comeback.

    2020, marked by the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, saw the largest one-year dip in births in more than a quarter-century. And the preliminary 2021 figure, while an improvement from 2020, is still lower than 2019’s 3.75 million births.


    U.S. Births Increased in 2021. But Don't Call It a Comeback.
    Author(s)
    Beth Jarosz
    Publisher
    Population Reference Bureau
    Publication Date
    May 24, 2022
    • Domestic
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2021

    States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2021

    Not only does the U.S. have the highest incarceration rate in the world; every single U.S. state incarcerates more people per capita than virtually any independent democracy on earth. To be sure, states like New York and Massachusetts appear progressive in their incarceration rates compared to states like Louisiana, but compared to the rest of the world, every U.S. state relies too heavily on prisons and jails to respond to crime.


    States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2021
    Author(s)
    Emily Widra and Tiana Herring
    Publisher
    Prison Policy Initiative
    Publication Date
    September 2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for The Employment Situation, August 2021

    The Employment Situation, August 2021

    Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 235,000 in August, and the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. So far this year, monthly job growth has averaged 586,000. In August, notable job gains occurred in professional and business services, transportation and warehousing, private education, manufacturing, and other services. Employment in retail trade declined over the month.


    The Employment Situation, August 2021
    Publisher
    U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
    Publication Date
    8/1/2021
    • Domestic
    • Workforce
  • cover image for 7 Gallup Workplace Insights: What We Learned in 2021

    7 Gallup Workplace Insights: What We Learned in 2021

    2020 will likely be remembered as the year the workplace changed forever. From in-office safety measures to work-from-home conference calls, leaders have been forced to reimagine every aspect of their management culture.

    What's essential to performance? How does personal life shape professional life? What do our core values really mean when the marketplace throws a curveball?

    As leaders navigated 2020's tough questions, many made transformative discoveries and tapped into new performance potential. After 12 months of challenges, leaders can walk away with decades' worth of invaluable workplace lessons.


    7 Gallup Workplace Insights: What We Learned in 2021
    Author(s)
    Ryan Pendell
    Publisher
    Gallup
    Publication Date
    1/1/2022
    • Domestic
    • Workforce
  • cover image for People in Prison in Winter 2021-22

    People in Prison in Winter 2021-22

    Conditions inside prisons—including high populations and inadequate vaccination and hygiene protocols—meant that, in winter 2021-22, both correctional officers and incarcerated people experienced high levels of COVID-19. 1 Research has clearly demonstrated that incarceration also increases the level of COVID-19 infection in communities outside of prisons and jails.2 All levels of government should take action to further reduce the number of people held in jails and prisons.


    People in Prison in Winter 2021-22
    Author(s)
    Jacob Kang-Brown
    Publisher
    Vera Institute
    Publication Date
    2/1/2022
    • Correctional
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for Global Prison Trends 2021

    Global Prison Trends 2021

    Global Prison Trends 2021 exposes the impact of the global pandemic on prison populations and staff, showing that in the face of the COVID-19 crisis millions of people in prison have suffered as a result of preventive measures, at a huge cost to their mental health and human rights.


    Global Prison Trends 2021
    Publisher
    Penal Reform International
    Publication Date
    5/1/2021
    • Global
    • Population Demographics
  • cover image for U.S. Unemployment Rates, 1991-2022

    U.S. Unemployment Rates, 1991-2022

    Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

    • U.S. unemployment rate for 2021 was 5.46%, a 2.59% decline from 2020.
    • U.S. unemployment rate for 2020 was 8.05%, a 4.38% increase from 2019.
    • U.S. unemployment rate for 2019 was 3.67%, a 0.23% decline from 2018.
    • U.S. unemployment rate for 2018 was 3.90%, a 0.46% decline from 2017.

    U.S. Unemployment Rates, 1991-2022
    Publisher
    Macrotrends
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Domestic
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Global Prison Trends 2021: Prison Staff

    Global Prison Trends 2021: Prison Staff

    The coronavirus pandemic brought high risk to the health and lives of prison staff, as well as worsening working conditions for prison staff. While some countries classified or termed prison staff as frontline, essential or at higher risk, overall, their situation did not receive adequate attention from political decision-makers.


    Global Prison Trends 2021: Prison Staff
    Publisher
    Penal Reform International
    Publication Date
    5/1/2021
    • Correctional
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Technology Futures: Projecting the Possible, Navigating What's Next

    Technology Futures: Projecting the Possible, Navigating What's Next

    What lies ahead for us? Although the modern world allows us to know and control so many things, our collective future remains slippery. This seems particularly true this year, as we live through a global pandemic and amid countless existing environmental, economic and political uncertainties. Combining insights from the history of computing, the practical lens of futurism and the imaginative signposts offered by four fictional stories of life in 2030-something, this report aims to equip leaders with the tools they need to more accurately imagine the future of information, locality, economics and education, and to plan accordingly.

    In collaboration with Deloitte


    Technology Futures: Projecting the Possible, Navigating What's Next
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    4/1/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Online Dispute Resolution: Perspectives to Support Successful Implementation and Outcomes in Court Proceedings

    Online Dispute Resolution: Perspectives to Support Successful Implementation and Outcomes in Court Proceedings

    Court-based online dispute resolution (ODR) encompasses a vast and ever-growing array of technologies and processes that are used to resolve disputes in the legal system. ODR programs have been implemented widely in commercial environments to resolve disputes (e.g., on e-commerce website eBay), but since 2015, court-based ODR programs in the United States have expanded from a handful of exploratory pilots to countless programs in small and large courts alike.


    Online Dispute Resolution: Perspectives to Support Successful Implementation and Outcomes in Court Proceedings
    Author(s)
    Amanda Witwer, et al.
    Publisher
    RAND Corporation
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Domestic
    • Technology
  • cover image for Digital Culture: The Driving Force of Digital Transformation

    Digital Culture: The Driving Force of Digital Transformation

    Digital technology and business models are driving business disruption. The pandemic has accelerated this trend, making digital transformation critical for business success. However, it takes more than technology alone; leaders need to look at the human side of their organizations. Culture and the way people interact with technology are significant factors in digital success.

    This interactive guide, created in collaboration with business executives and academia, presents actionable frameworks and tools for executives to improve digital leadership and culture in their organizations.


    Digital Culture: The Driving Force of Digital Transformation
    Author(s)
    World Economic Forum
    Publisher
    Digital Culture: The Driving Force of Digital Transformation
    Publication Date
    6/29/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series

    Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series

    This white paper series, composed of eight parts, explores numerous critical topics related to CBDC and stablecoins, including an evaluation of their value proposition for the under-served, identification of key policy and regulatory actions, and discussion of salient technology considerations and trade-offs.

    It aims to inform policy-makers, digital currency issuers, financial and civil society organizations, and other stakeholders as to the capabilities, risks, policy imperatives and key technology choices with respect to rapidly evolving stablecoins and CBDC.


    Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series

    Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series

    This white paper series, composed of eight parts, explores numerous critical topics related to CBDC and stablecoins, including an evaluation of their value proposition for the under-served, identification of key policy and regulatory actions, and discussion of salient technology considerations and trade-offs.

    It aims to inform policy-makers, digital currency issuers, financial and civil society organizations, and other stakeholders as to the capabilities, risks, policy imperatives and key technology choices with respect to rapidly evolving stablecoins and CBDC.


    Digital Currency Governance Consortium White Paper Series
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Global Technology Governance Report 2021: Harnessing Fourth Industrial Revolution Technologies in a COVID-19 World

    Global Technology Governance Report 2021: Harnessing Fourth Industrial Revolution Technologies in a COVID-19 World

    An essential consideration for government, business and civil society is how technologies are harnessed and regulated to accelerate growth, encourage innovation and build resiliency in the wake of COVID-19. How governments and other stakeholders approach the governance of technologies will play an important role in how we reset society, the economy and the business environment.

    This report examines some of the most important applications of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies if we are to thrive in a post-pandemic world and the governance challenges that should be addressed for these technologies to reach their potential.


    Global Technology Governance Report 2021: Harnessing Fourth Industrial Revolution Technologies in a COVID-19 World
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    12/1/2020
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for The U.S. Criminal Justice System in the Pandemic Era and Beyond

    The U.S. Criminal Justice System in the Pandemic Era and Beyond

    By the end of November 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was estimated to have resulted in the deaths of between 268,000 and 360,000 Americans.1 The spread of the disease  stressed  the  U.S.  health  care  system,  with  the  number  of  people  needing  care  over-whelming available resources in some parts of the country. Both the disease and the actions taken to respond to it stressed the country as a whole and had broad impacts on the economic system and government agencies at all levels.


    The U.S. Criminal Justice System in the Pandemic Era and Beyond
    Author(s)
    Brian A. Jackson
    Publisher
    RAND Corporation
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Correctional
    • Technology
  • cover image for Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate

    Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate

    Financial stability risks have been contained so far, reflecting ongoing policy support and a rebound in the global economy earlier this year. However, the optimism that propelled markets earlier in the year has faded on growing concerns about the strength of the global recovery, and ongoing supply chain disruptions intensified inflation concerns. Signs of stretched asset valuations in some market segments persist, and pockets of vulnerabilities remain in the nonbank financial sector; recovery is uneven in the corporate sector.


    Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate
    Author(s)
    International Monetary Fund
    Publisher
    Global Financial Stability Report
    Publication Date
    10/1/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate

    Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate

    Financial stability risks have been contained so far, reflecting ongoing policy support and a rebound in the global economy earlier this year. However, the optimism that propelled markets earlier in the year has faded on growing concerns about the strength of the global recovery, and ongoing supply chain disruptions intensified inflation concerns. Signs of stretched asset valuations in some market segments persist, and pockets of vulnerabilities remain in the nonbank financial sector; recovery is uneven in the corporate sector.


    Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate
    Author(s)
    International Monetary Fund
    Publisher
    Global Financial Stability Report
    Publication Date
    10/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Beware. Ransomware. Top Trends of 2021.

    Beware. Ransomware. Top Trends of 2021.

    In 2021, ransomware attacks continued to be one of the most prominent threats targeting businesses and organizations worldwide. High-profile attacks disrupted operations of companies in various sectors, including critical infrastructure (Colonial Pipeline), food processing (JBS Foods), insurance (CNA) and many more. Following the attacks, pressure of law enforcement on ransomware gangs intensified, though simultaneously these threat actors continue to evolve. They not only become more technologically sophisticated but also extensively leverage the growing cybercrime ecosystem aiming to find new partners, services and tools for their operations.


    Beware. Ransomware. Top Trends of 2021.
    Publisher
    KELA Cybercrime Intelligence
    Publication Date
    4/1/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Chatbots RESET Framework Pilot Projects: Using Chatbots in Healthcare

    Chatbots RESET Framework Pilot Projects: Using Chatbots in Healthcare

    Conversational AI is everywhere – in our phones and in devices scattered around our homes. Now this technology is rapidly being used in healthcare, which opens up incredible opportunities to increase healthcare access globally.

    This insight report aims to inform technology developers, healthcare providers and regulators about how global organizations are employing a framework to practise responsible use of conversational AI in healthcare. With input from partners of the World Economic Forum who have successfully deployed Chatbots RESET, a Forum co-created framework, it aims to inspire others to responsibly adopt AI in healthcare.


    Chatbots RESET Framework Pilot Projects: Using Chatbots in Healthcare
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/24/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for Global Economic Prospects, January 2021

    Global Economic Prospects, January 2021

    This quarterly briefing builds on the latest policy research as well as consultations and surveys with leading chief economists from both the public and private sectors, organized by the World Economic Forum’s Centre for the New Economy and Society. It aims to summarize the emerging contours of the current economic environment and identify priorities for further action by policy-makers and business leaders in response to the global economic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.


    Global Economic Prospects, January 2021
    Author(s)
    World Bank Group
    Publication Date
    1/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Chief Economists Outlook 2021

    Chief Economists Outlook 2021

    The approval of several COVID-19 vaccines in late 2020 has brightened public health and economic prospects for 2021. Yet, prior to the onset of the pandemic, the global economy already had a fragile growth outlook, with social tensions over the evident polarization of economic outcomes and high levels of uncertainty. At this critical juncture, policymakers need to look beyond reviving the old economy and instead shift towards a thriving global economy—where growth is revived, social justice more fully realized, and the climate crisis averted.


    Chief Economists Outlook 2021
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    1/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Digital Currency Governance Consortium, White Paper Series

    Digital Currency Governance Consortium, White Paper Series

    Innovations in technology are driving rapid development of new forms of money. The way global leaders from public and private sectors develop, coordinate and regulate such digital currencies will have profound implications on society’s capacity to harness their benefits and avoid the potentially significant risks they introduce. Two distinct forms of digital currency – central bank digital currency (CBDC) and “stablecoins” – have caught the attention of policy-makers and the private sector in recent years.


    Digital Currency Governance Consortium, White Paper Series
    Author(s)
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for World Economic Situation and Prospects 2021

    World Economic Situation and Prospects 2021

    A once-in-a-century crisis—a Great Disruption unleashed by a viral pandemic—hit the world economy in 2020. In a matter of months, the number of people living in poverty increased sharply, while income and wealth inequality trended towards new highs. Governments around the world responded rapidly—and boldly—to stem the health and economic contagion of the crisis. Fiscal and monetary stimulus packages were quickly rolled out to save the economy. The crisis responses, however, entailed difficult choices between saving lives and saving livelihoods, between speed of delivery and efficiency, and between short-term costs and long-term impacts. Limited fiscal space and high levels of public debt constrained the ability of many developing countries to roll out sufficiently large stimulus packages.


    World Economic Situation and Prospects 2021
    Author(s)
    United Nations
    Publication Date
    3/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Employment of Persons Released from Federal Prison in 2010

    Employment of Persons Released from Federal Prison in 2010

    Congress tasked BJS and the U.S. Census Bureau with reporting on post-prison employment of persons released from federal prison. The study population in this report includes 51,500 persons released from the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) whose release records could be linked by the U.S. Census Bureau to employment and wage files from the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) program.


    Employment of Persons Released from Federal Prison in 2010
    Author(s)
    U.S. Department of Justice
    Publication Date
    12/1/2021
    • Correctional
    • Economy
  • cover image for Justice-Involved Individuals and the Consumer Financial Marketplace

    Justice-Involved Individuals and the Consumer Financial Marketplace

    From arrest to incarceration and reentry, people who come into contact with the justice system are confronted with numerous financial challenges, including financial products and services that too often contain exploitative terms and features, offer little or no consumer choice, and can have long-term negative consequences for the individuals and families affected. This report outlines some of the challenges faced by justice-involved people and their families in navigating their finances at each stage of the criminal justice system. The available information raises serious questions about the transparency, fairness, and availability of consumer choice in markets associated with the justice system, as well as demonstrating the pervasive reach of predatory practices targeted at justice-involved individuals.


    Justice-Involved Individuals and the Consumer Financial Marketplace
    Author(s)
    Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
    Publication Date
    1/1/2022
    • Correctional
    • Economy
  • cover image for Community Supervision in a Digital World, Challenges and Opportunities

    Community Supervision in a Digital World, Challenges and Opportunities

    In June 2020, RAND and University of Denver staff conducted an expert workshop on com-munity supervision in a digital world. The workshop was convened to identify high-priority technology and policy needs related to supervising individuals in an increasingly digital world. This report presents the proceedings of that workshop, topics considered, needs that panel participants developed, and overarching themes that emerged from the panel discussion. This report and the results it presents should be of  interest  to  community  corrections  agency  administrators,  community  corrections  officers,  correctional  assessment  and  treatment  staff,  risk-needs assessment technology providers, digital supervision technology providers, and the research community.


    Community Supervision in a Digital World, Challenges and Opportunities
    Author(s)
    Joe Russo, et al.
    Publisher
    RAND Corporation
    Publication Date
    2021
    • Correctional
    • Technology
  • cover image for What is DEI Doing for the Formerly Incarcerated?

    What is DEI Doing for the Formerly Incarcerated?

    A 2018 estimate of unemployment among the five million formerly incarcerated people living in the U.S. found that they are “unemployed at a rate of over 27% — higher than the total U.S. unemployment rate during any historical period, including the Great Depression.”  In this article, author LeRon L. Barton poses the question: What role is the DEI sector playing in this fight?


    What is DEI Doing for the Formerly Incarcerated?
    Author(s)
    LeRon L. Barton
    Publisher
    Harvard Business Review
    Publication Date
    9/6/2021
    • Correctional
    • DEIA
  • cover image for The 2021 Long-Term Budget Outlook

    The 2021 Long-Term Budget Outlook

    Each year, the Congressional Budget Office publishes a report presenting its projections of what federal debt, deficits, spending, and revenues would be for the next 30 years if current laws governing taxes and spending generally did not change. This report is the latest in the series.


    The 2021 Long-Term Budget Outlook
    Author(s)
    Molly Dahl, et. al
    Publisher
    Congressional Budget Office
    Publication Date
    3/1/2021
    • Domestic
    • Economy
  • cover image for The State of Gig Work in 2021

    The State of Gig Work in 2021

    Nontraditional, short-term and contract work existed prior to the internet and smartphones, but
    the gig economy has ushered in a new way of connecting people with consumers and those who
    want to hire them. Indeed, the emergence of companies like Uber, TaskRabbit or DoorDash has
    expanded the way people earn money and added another dimension to the labor force.

    To better understand the experiences of people who take on work through online gig platforms,
    Pew Research Center surveyed U.S. adults in August 2021 and found that 16% of Americans have
    ever earned money through an online gig platform in at least one of the following ways: driving for
    a ride-hailing app; shopping for or delivering groceries or household items; performing household
    tasks like cleaning someone’s home or assembling furniture, or running errands like picking up
    dry cleaning; making deliveries from a restaurant or store for a delivery app; using a personal
    vehicle to deliver packages to others via a mobile app or website such as Amazon Flex; or doing
    something else along these lines.


    The State of Gig Work in 2021
    Author(s)
    Monica Anderson et al.
    Publisher
    Pew Research Center
    Publication Date
    12/8/2021
    • Domestic
    • Economy
  • cover image for Transparency at CBO: Future Plans and a Review of 2021

    Transparency at CBO: Future Plans and a Review of 2021

    The Congressional Budget Office’s transparency efforts are intended to promote a thorough understanding of its work, help people gauge how estimates might change if policies or circumstances differed, and enhance the credibility of its analyses and processes. This report fulfills CBO’s requirement to report on its plans for such efforts.


    Transparency at CBO: Future Plans and a Review of 2021
    Author(s)
    Lara Robillard and Congressional Budget Office
    Publication Date
    3/1/2022
    • Domestic
    • Economy
  • cover image for Managing Divergent Recoveries

    Managing Divergent Recoveries

    Global prospects remain highly uncertain one year into the pandemic. New virus mutations and the accumulating human toll raise concerns, even as growing vaccine coverage lifts sentiment. Economic recoveries are diverging across countries and sectors, reflecting variation in pandemic-induced disruptions and the extent of policy support. The outlook depends not just on the outcome of the battle between the virus and vaccines—it also hinges on how effectively economic policies deployed under high uncertainty can limit lasting damage from this unprecedented crisis.

    Global growth is projected at 6 percent in 2021, moderating to 4.4 percent in 2022. The projections for 2021 and 2022 are stronger than in the October 2020 WEO. The upward revision reflects additional fiscal support in a few large economies, the anticipated vaccine-powered recovery in the second half of 2021, and continued adaptation of economic activity to subdued mobility. High uncertainty surrounds this outlook, related to the path of the pandemic, the effectiveness of policy support to provide a bridge to vaccine-powered normalization, and the evolution of financial conditions.


    Managing Divergent Recoveries
    Author(s)
    International Monetary Fund
    Publisher
    World Economic Outlook
    Publication Date
    4/1/2021
    • Global
    • Economy
  • cover image for Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins is the third report in a McKinsey series investigating the business case for diversity, following Why Diversity Matters (2015) and Delivering Through Diversity (2018). Our latest report shows not only that the business case remains robust but also that the relationship between diversity on executive teams and the likelihood of financial outperformance has strengthened over time. These findings emerge from our largest data set so far, encompassing 15 countries and more than 1,000 large companies. By incorporating a “social listening” analysis of employee sentiment in online reviews, the report also provides new insights into how inclusion matters. It shows that companies should pay much greater attention to inclusion, even when they are relatively diverse.


    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters
    Author(s)
    Sundiatu Dixon-Fyle, Vivian Hunt, Kevin Dolan, Sara Prince
    Publisher
    McKinsey & Company
    Publication Date
    3/19/2020

    Diversity Wins

    • Domestic
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins is the third report in a McKinsey series investigating the business case for diversity, following Why Diversity Matters (2015) and Delivering Through Diversity (2018). Our latest report shows not only that the business case remains robust but also that the relationship between diversity on executive teams and the likelihood of financial outperformance has strengthened over time. These findings emerge from our largest data set so far, encompassing 15 countries and more than 1,000 large companies. By incorporating a “social listening” analysis of employee sentiment in online reviews, the report also provides new insights into how inclusion matters. It shows that companies should pay much greater attention to inclusion, even when they are relatively diverse.


    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters
    Author(s)
    Sundiatu Dixon-Fyle, Vivian Hunt, Kevin Dolan, Sara Prince
    Publisher
    McKinsey & Company
    Publication Date
    3/19/2020

    Diversity Wins

    • Domestic
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins is the third report in a McKinsey series investigating the business case for diversity, following Why Diversity Matters (2015) and Delivering Through Diversity (2018). Our latest report shows not only that the business case remains robust but also that the relationship between diversity on executive teams and the likelihood of financial outperformance has strengthened over time. These findings emerge from our largest data set so far, encompassing 15 countries and more than 1,000 large companies. By incorporating a “social listening” analysis of employee sentiment in online reviews, the report also provides new insights into how inclusion matters. It shows that companies should pay much greater attention to inclusion, even when they are relatively diverse.


    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters
    Author(s)
    Sundiatu Dixon-Fyle, Vivian Hunt, Kevin Dolan, Sara Prince
    Publisher
    McKinsey & Company
    Publication Date
    3/19/2020

    Diversity Wins

    • Global
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters

    Diversity Wins is the third report in a McKinsey series investigating the business case for diversity, following Why Diversity Matters (2015) and Delivering Through Diversity (2018). Our latest report shows not only that the business case remains robust but also that the relationship between diversity on executive teams and the likelihood of financial outperformance has strengthened over time. These findings emerge from our largest data set so far, encompassing 15 countries and more than 1,000 large companies. By incorporating a “social listening” analysis of employee sentiment in online reviews, the report also provides new insights into how inclusion matters. It shows that companies should pay much greater attention to inclusion, even when they are relatively diverse.


    Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters
    Author(s)
    Sundiatu Dixon-Fyle, Vivian Hunt, Kevin Dolan, Sara Prince
    Publisher
    McKinsey & Company
    Publication Date
    3/19/2020

    Diversity Wins

    • Global
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Caste: An Oft-Ignored Aspect of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

    Caste: An Oft-Ignored Aspect of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

    A number of colleges and universities are finally acknowledging what caste-oppressed students, who mostly share a South Asian immigrant background, have long known, namely that “casteism tends to manifest in US colleges and universities through slurs, microaggressions and social exclusion”. These unfortunate dynamics are rooted in models of social stratification that have a far longer history than that of racism in the US, appearing first in The Rigveda, the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text that has been orally transmitted since the 2nd millennium BCE. And in the context of Hinduism, this type of ‘othering’ refers to the Brahminic ideology that hierarchizes society into its distinct and immovable social classes. Inasmuch as most Americans have little understanding of the class structures inherent in other parts of the world like South Asia, when discrimination based on those status systems manifests itself, it does so only within these minority communities, thus out of view from the broader U.S. culture.


    Caste: An Oft-Ignored Aspect of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
    Author(s)
    Susan Harmeling
    Publisher
    Forbes
    Publication Date
    2/8/2022

    Fobres

    • Domestic
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities

    Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities

    Certified diversity executive, host of Diversity: Beyond the Checkbox podcast and Head of Content for The Diversity Movement, Jackie Ferguson, explains: As a society, we don’t always extend empathy to incarcerated and formerly-incarcerated people the way we do to other underserved groups. In fact, I’d say bias often leads us to believe their marginalization is somehow deserved or, at the very least, defensible. Yet if more people understood the reality of our criminal justice system — from wrongful convictions to the large number of people in prison because of small-time drug offenses — they might feel differently. They might even give formerly-incarcerated people a fresh chance at building a career and contributing positively to our workplaces and communities.


    Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities
    Author(s)
    Jackie Ferguson
    Publisher
    Forbes
    Publication Date
    1/20/2022
    • Domestic
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities

    Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities

    Certified diversity executive, host of Diversity: Beyond the Checkbox podcast and Head of Content for The Diversity Movement, Jackie Ferguson, explains: As a society, we don’t always extend empathy to incarcerated and formerly-incarcerated people the way we do to other underserved groups. In fact, I’d say bias often leads us to believe their marginalization is somehow deserved or, at the very least, defensible. Yet if more people understood the reality of our criminal justice system — from wrongful convictions to the large number of people in prison because of small-time drug offenses — they might feel differently. They might even give formerly-incarcerated people a fresh chance at building a career and contributing positively to our workplaces and communities.


    Formerly-Incarcerated People and the Employment Gap: Expanding Opportunities
    Author(s)
    Jackie Ferguson
    Publisher
    Forbes
    Publication Date
    1/20/2022
    • Correctional
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Deaf and Incarcerated: Access, Accommodations, and Care

    Deaf and Incarcerated: Access, Accommodations, and Care

    The number of Deaf adults in the correctional system is difficult to specify, as some estimates include individuals who are mildly to moderately hard-of-hearing while others do not. HEARD, an organization that provides support and advocacy to incarcerated Deaf individuals, estimates the number to be in the tens of thousands.


    Deaf and Incarcerated: Access, Accommodations, and Care
    Author(s)
    M. Elizabeth Bowman, PhD, LCSW-C, and Jaemi Hagen, MSW
    Publisher
    National Commission on Correctional Health Care
    Volume, Issue, & Page
    Volume 36, Issue 1, pgs 4-6
    Publication Date
    Spring 2022
    • Correctional
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Equity Toolkit: A Guide for Teams and Organizations Looking to Live Equitably

    Equity Toolkit: A Guide for Teams and Organizations Looking to Live Equitably

    This Equity Toolkit contains 3 phases that have been identified to support organizations or schools in operationalizing racial equity.

    Each phase contains 3 stages (developing, mid, high) and steps to lead organizational committees through the process of operationalizing racial equity into their school/district/school. Each stage includes: Questions to consider, actions to consider, and resources are built into each sub-phase. We recommend that you move through each phase sequentially, with the reminder that teams can be in several phases at one time. Teams can also circle back to phases depending on the particular racial equity, diversity or inclusion initiative they may be focused on at the moment.


    Equity Toolkit: A Guide for Teams and Organizations Looking to Live Equitably
    Publisher
    The Mind Trust
    Publication Date
    2022
    • Domestic
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

    Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

    This report presents data on diversity in public service organizations — in state and local government, education, health care, and related nonprofit organizations. It also compares historical and current public service diversity figures to those of the broader workforce. Aspects of diversity discussed include race, ethnicity, age, gender, and other categories (to the extent that data is available), such as LGBTQIA+ identification, veteran status, cognitive diversity, religion, and language.


    Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce
    Author(s)
    MissionSquare Research Institute
    Publication Date
    9/1/2021
    • Domestic
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

    Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

    This report presents data on diversity in public service organizations — in state and local government, education, health care, and related nonprofit organizations. It also compares historical and current public service diversity figures to those of the broader workforce. Aspects of diversity discussed include race, ethnicity, age, gender, and other categories (to the extent that data is available), such as LGBTQIA+ identification, veteran status, cognitive diversity, religion, and language.


    Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce
    Author(s)
    MissionSquare Research Institute
    Publication Date
    9/1/2021
    • Domestic
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion

    Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion

    The Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion set out in this report complement the larger principles of the EDISON Alliance in order to encourage thoughtful action in its focus areas of finance, education and health. The principles serve as a guide for partnerships in digital healthcare, aiming to raise questions of inclusion at the inception of a project, maximize the opportunities of digitally-enabled medicine and chart a course for responsible and inclusive innovation in connected care.


    Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Global
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion

    Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion

    The Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion set out in this report complement the larger principles of the EDISON Alliance in order to encourage thoughtful action in its focus areas of finance, education and health. The principles serve as a guide for partnerships in digital healthcare, aiming to raise questions of inclusion at the inception of a project, maximize the opportunities of digitally-enabled medicine and chart a course for responsible and inclusive innovation in connected care.


    Shared Guiding Principles for Digital Health Inclusion
    Publisher
    World Economic Forum
    Publication Date
    11/1/2021
    • Global
    • Technology
  • cover image for The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce

    The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce

    As the 21st century unfolds, American jails are confronting unprecedented challenges. While both the numbers and the demands of their populations have steadily grown, their resources have not kept pace. As a result, perhaps at no other time have jails been in greater need of capable staff and confident leadership. Yet within just a few years, retirements are expected to seriously diminish the ranks of managers, supervisors, and experienced line employees who are now staffing America’s jails. Add to that their ongoing struggle to recruit and retain well-qualified workers whose importance to the welfare of the community is often unappreciated, and it becomes clear why jail leaders throughout the country recently elevated workforce-related issues to a top national priority.


    The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce
    Author(s)
    Jeanne B. Stinchcomb, Ph.D., Susan W. McCampbell, Leslie Leip, Ph.D.
    Publisher
    Center for Innovative Public Policies, Inc
    Publication Date
    2009
    • Correctional
    • DEIA
  • cover image for The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce

    The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce

    As the 21st century unfolds, American jails are confronting unprecedented challenges. While both the numbers and the demands of their populations have steadily grown, their resources have not kept pace. As a result, perhaps at no other time have jails been in greater need of capable staff and confident leadership. Yet within just a few years, retirements are expected to seriously diminish the ranks of managers, supervisors, and experienced line employees who are now staffing America’s jails. Add to that their ongoing struggle to recruit and retain well-qualified workers whose importance to the welfare of the community is often unappreciated, and it becomes clear why jail leaders throughout the country recently elevated workforce-related issues to a top national priority.


    The Future is Now: Recruiting, Retaining, and Developing the 21st Century Jail Workforce
    Author(s)
    Jeanne B. Stinchcomb, Ph.D., Susan W. McCampbell, Leslie Leip, Ph.D.
    Publisher
    Center for Innovative Public Policies, Inc
    Publication Date
    2009
    • Correctional
    • Workforce
  • cover image for Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?

    Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?

    To date, organizations across the world have followed the American lead when it comes to DEI. They’ve benefited from the extensive research, data, literature, role models, best practices, narratives, and success stories and have been inspired to address inequality in their own workplaces. But for global organizations aspiring to be inclusive of diverse talent across their international teams, it’s just as important that employees in Paris, Mumbai, and Buenos Aires are on board as it is for those in New York and Seattle. To achieve this, leaders can draw inspiration from the management term “glocal,” a mix of the words global and local. Using a global lens allows organizations to identify a DEI vision and strategy that defines broad areas of focus while also allowing flexibility for local adaptation within those key areas. The author presents five things to keep in mind when diversifying your DEI approach.


    Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?
    Author(s)
    Poornima Luthra
    Publisher
    Harvard Business Review
    Publication Date
    3/21/2022
    • Global
    • DEIA
  • cover image for Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?

    Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?

    To date, organizations across the world have followed the American lead when it comes to DEI. They’ve benefited from the extensive research, data, literature, role models, best practices, narratives, and success stories and have been inspired to address inequality in their own workplaces. But for global organizations aspiring to be inclusive of diverse talent across their international teams, it’s just as important that employees in Paris, Mumbai, and Buenos Aires are on board as it is for those in New York and Seattle. To achieve this, leaders can draw inspiration from the management term “glocal,” a mix of the words global and local. Using a global lens allows organizations to identify a DEI vision and strategy that defines broad areas of focus while also allowing flexibility for local adaptation within those key areas. The author presents five things to keep in mind when diversifying your DEI approach.


    Do Your Global Teams See DEI as an American Issue?
    Author(s)
    Poornima Luthra
    Publisher
    Harvard Business Review
    Publication Date
    3/21/2022
    • Domestic
    • DEIA

Check out previous Environmental Scans

The National Institute of Corrections publishes this compilation of resources each year as an overview of what research indicates to be the trends in the corrections industry each year.
Accession Number: (2018) 033176, (2019) 033431, (2020) 033563, (2021) 033670, (2022) 033086, (2023) 033087