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Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers:

Occupational Employment and Wages, Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers, May 2021

Publisher: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes333051.htm

After a stressful and unpredictable year or so, senior local government management are now assessing the impact of the pandemic on its workers and citizens. Temporary and emergency fixes are now under consideration for a much longer horizon. Listening to government technology leaders and other senior public managers, a few but certain predictions can be made.

The future of work, office and technology in local government

Author(s): Dr. Alan Shark

Publisher: American City & County

Publication Date: 4/26/2021

Financial stability risks have been contained so far, reflecting ongoing policy support and a rebound in the global economy earlier this year. However, the optimism that propelled markets earlier in the year has faded on growing concerns about the strength of the global recovery, and ongoing supply chain disruptions intensified inflation concerns. Signs of stretched asset valuations in some market segments persist, and pockets of vulnerabilities remain in the nonbank financial sector; recovery is uneven in the corporate sector.

Global Financial Stability Report, Covid-19, Crypto, and Climate

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: Global Financial Stability Report

Overall, scheme managers and custody visitors were well trained and were continuing to learn from training sessions provided by the Independent Custody Visiting Association (ICVA) and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs). However, there were still gaps in the ability of both scheme managers and custody visitors to identify and challenge direct and indirect discrimination.

Just Visiting? Exploring the Effectiveness of Independent Custody Visitors at Monitoring Race and Gender Equality in Police Custody

Author(s): Amal Ali, Hannah Pittaway

Publisher: Criminal Justice Alliance

Publication Date: 12/1/2021

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists:

Occupational Employment and Wages, Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists May 2021

Publisher: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes211092.htm

Preliminary data from the National Center for Health Statistics show that the number of births in the United States rose in 2021 to just under 3.66 million, after falling to 3.61 million in 2020. While it might be tempting to call this increase—representing nearly 46,000 births—a rebound, we’ll need to see another year of growth before we can call it a comeback.

2020, marked by the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, saw the largest one-year dip in births in more than a quarter-century. And the preliminary 2021 figure, while an improvement from 2020, is still lower than 2019’s 3.75 million births.

U.S. Births Increased in 2021. But Don't Call It a Comeback.

Author(s): Beth Jarosz

Publisher: Population Reference Bureau

Global Prison Trends 2021 exposes the impact of the global pandemic on prison populations and staff, showing that in the face of the COVID-19 crisis millions of people in prison have suffered as a result of preventive measures, at a huge cost to their mental health and human rights.

Global Prison Trends 2021

Publisher: Penal Reform International

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.penalreform.org/global-prison-trends-2021/

The Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Toolkit explores the practical opportunities and risks that rapidly emerging technologies represent for diversity, equity and inclusion efforts. The toolkit outlines how technology can help reduce bias from recruitment processes, diversify talent pools, and benchmark diversity and inclusion across organizations. Research is also cited that suggests well-managed diverse teams significantly outperform homogenous ones over time, across profitability, innovation, decision-making, and employee engagement.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion 4.0: A Toolkit for Leaders to Accelerate Social Progress in the Future of Work

Publisher: World Economic Forum

Publication Date: 6/1/2020

Conditions inside prisons—including high populations and inadequate vaccination and hygiene protocols—meant that, in winter 2021-22, both correctional officers and incarcerated people experienced high levels of COVID-19. 1 Research has clearly demonstrated that incarceration also increases the level of COVID-19 infection in communities outside of prisons and jails.2 All levels of government should take action to further reduce the number of people held in jails and prisons.

People in Prison in Winter 2021-22

Author(s): Jacob Kang-Brown

Publisher: Vera Institute

Publication Date: 2/1/2022

Chart and table of U.S. population from 1950 to 2022. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100.

  • The current population of U.S. in 2022 is 338,289,857, a 0.38% increase from 2021.
  • The population of U.S. in 2021 was 336,997,624, a 0.31% increase from 2020.
  • The population of U.S. in 2020 was 335,942,003, a 0.49% increase from 2019.
  • The population of U.S. in 2019 was 334,319,671, a 0.66% increase from 2018.

U.S. Population Growth Rate 1950-2022

Publisher: Macrotrends

Publication Date: 2022

The past year has seen rapid advances in the use of technological solutions in prisons and wider criminal justice systems globally. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries turned to digital and other tools as a means of reducing the risk of transmission in places of detention through human contact and easing the burden on prison and probation staff.

Global Prison Trends 2021: Role and Use of Technologies

Author(s): Penal Reform International

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.penalreform.org/global-prison-trends-2021/role-and-use-of-technologies/

The approval of several COVID-19 vaccines in late 2020 has brightened public health and economic prospects for 2021. Yet, prior to the onset of the pandemic, the global economy already had a fragile growth outlook, with social tensions over the evident polarization of economic outcomes and high levels of uncertainty. At this critical juncture, policymakers need to look beyond reviving the old economy and instead shift towards a thriving global economy—where growth is revived, social justice more fully realized, and the climate crisis averted.

Chief Economists Outlook 2021

Publisher: World Economic Forum

Publication Date: 1/1/2021

As COVID-19 began spreading in 2020, prison facilities across the country suspended visits from family and lawyers. Over the course of the pandemic, states have eased and tightened those restrictions. We’re rounding up the changes as they occur.

In this Fifth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the Commission seeks to obtain detailed comment to enable it to make further progress toward ensuring that the rates, charges, and practices for and in connection with interstate and international inmate calling services meet applicable statutory standards.

Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services

 

Publisher: Federal Communications Commission

Volume, Issue, & Page: Vol. 86, No. 142

Publication Date: 7/28/2021

Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2021 was 5.46%, a 2.59% decline from 2020.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2020 was 8.05%, a 4.38% increase from 2019.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2019 was 3.67%, a 0.23% decline from 2018.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2018 was 3.90%, a 0.46% decline from 2017.

U.S. Unemployment Rates, 1991-2022

Publisher: Macrotrends

Publication Date: 2021

https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/USA/united-states/unemployment-rate

An essential consideration for government, business and civil society is how technologies are harnessed and regulated to accelerate growth, encourage innovation and build resiliency in the wake of COVID-19. How governments and other stakeholders approach the governance of technologies will play an important role in how we reset society, the economy and the business environment.

This report examines some of the most important applications of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies if we are to thrive in a post-pandemic world and the governance challenges that should be addressed for these technologies to reach their potential.

Innovations in technology are driving rapid development of new forms of money. The way global leaders from public and private sectors develop, coordinate and regulate such digital currencies will have profound implications on society’s capacity to harness their benefits and avoid the potentially significant risks they introduce. Two distinct forms of digital currency – central bank digital currency (CBDC) and “stablecoins” – have caught the attention of policy-makers and the private sector in recent years.

Digital Currency Governance Consortium, White Paper Series

Author(s): World Economic Forum

Publication Date: 11/1/2021

By the end of November 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was estimated to have resulted in the deaths of between 268,000 and 360,000 Americans.1 The spread of the disease stressed the U.S. health care system, with the number of people needing care over-whelming available resources in some parts of the country. Both the disease and the actions taken to respond to it stressed the country as a whole and had broad impacts on the economic system and government agencies at all levels.

The U.S. Criminal Justice System in the Pandemic Era and Beyond

Author(s): Brian A. Jackson

Publisher: RAND Corporation

Publication Date: 2021

This Equity Toolkit contains 3 phases that have been identified to support organizations or schools in operationalizing racial equity.

Each phase contains 3 stages (developing, mid, high) and steps to lead organizational committees through the process of operationalizing racial equity into their school/district/school. Each stage includes: Questions to consider, actions to consider, and resources are built into each sub-phase. We recommend that you move through each phase sequentially, with the reminder that teams can be in several phases at one time. Teams can also circle back to phases depending on the particular racial equity, diversity or inclusion initiative they may be focused on at the moment.

Calculating the answer to the question “How many people have ever lived on Earth?” is complicated. To begin with, when we initially wrote this article back in 1995, “modern” Homo sapiens (that is, people who were roughly like we are now) were thought to have first walked the Earth around 50,000 B.C.E. Discoveries now suggest modern Homo sapiens existed much earlier, around 200,000 B.C.E. This major change in our understanding of human existence spurred new calculations and consultations with experts, resulting in an estimate that about 117 billion members of our species have ever been born on Earth.

How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?

Author(s): Toshiko Kaneda and Carl Haub

Publisher: Population Reference Bureau (PRB)

Economic prospects have diverged further across countries since the April 2021 World Economic Outlook (WEO) forecast. Vaccine access has emerged as the principal fault line along which the global recovery splits into two blocs: those that can look forward to further normalization of activity later this year (almost all advanced economies) and those that will still face resurgent infections and rising COVID death tolls. The recovery, however, is not assured even in countries where infections are currently very low so long as the virus circulates elsewhere.

Fault Lines Widen in the Global Recovery

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: World Economic Outlook

Publication Date: 07/2021

The Sentencing Project's key fact sheet provides a compilation of major developments in the criminal justice system over the past several decades.

Trends in U.S. Corrections

Publisher: The Sentencing Project

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/trends-in-u-s-corrections/

Recent research shows that people who have at least one ally at their job are nearly twice as likely to be satisfied and feel like they belong. As a manager, you have a unique opportunity to be role a model in building inclusion across teams, but you may face unique challenges in remote or hybrid settings.

Managers, Here’s How to Be a Better Ally in the Remote Workplace

Author(s): Melinda Briana Epler

Publisher: Harvard Business Review

Publication Date: 01/27/2022

https://hbr.org/2022/01/managers-heres-how-to-be-a-better-ally-in-the-remote-workplace

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This report presents data on diversity in public service organizations — in state and local government, education, health care, and related nonprofit organizations. It also compares historical and current public service diversity figures to those of the broader workforce. Aspects of diversity discussed include race, ethnicity, age, gender, and other categories (to the extent that data is available), such as LGBTQIA+ identification, veteran status, cognitive diversity, religion, and language.

Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

Author(s): MissionSquare Research Institute

Publication Date: 9/1/2021