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2018 and newer

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2021 was 5.46%, a 2.59% decline from 2020.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2020 was 8.05%, a 4.38% increase from 2019.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2019 was 3.67%, a 0.23% decline from 2018.
  • U.S. unemployment rate for 2018 was 3.90%, a 0.46% decline from 2017.

U.S. Unemployment Rates, 1991-2022

Publisher: Macrotrends

Publication Date: 2021

https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/USA/united-states/unemployment-rate

An essential consideration for government, business and civil society is how technologies are harnessed and regulated to accelerate growth, encourage innovation and build resiliency in the wake of COVID-19. How governments and other stakeholders approach the governance of technologies will play an important role in how we reset society, the economy and the business environment.

This report examines some of the most important applications of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies if we are to thrive in a post-pandemic world and the governance challenges that should be addressed for these technologies to reach their potential.

Innovations in technology are driving rapid development of new forms of money. The way global leaders from public and private sectors develop, coordinate and regulate such digital currencies will have profound implications on society’s capacity to harness their benefits and avoid the potentially significant risks they introduce. Two distinct forms of digital currency – central bank digital currency (CBDC) and “stablecoins” – have caught the attention of policy-makers and the private sector in recent years.

Digital Currency Governance Consortium, White Paper Series

Author(s): World Economic Forum

Publication Date: 11/1/2021

By the end of November 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was estimated to have resulted in the deaths of between 268,000 and 360,000 Americans.1 The spread of the disease stressed the U.S. health care system, with the number of people needing care over-whelming available resources in some parts of the country. Both the disease and the actions taken to respond to it stressed the country as a whole and had broad impacts on the economic system and government agencies at all levels.

The U.S. Criminal Justice System in the Pandemic Era and Beyond

Author(s): Brian A. Jackson

Publisher: RAND Corporation

Publication Date: 2021

This Equity Toolkit contains 3 phases that have been identified to support organizations or schools in operationalizing racial equity.

Each phase contains 3 stages (developing, mid, high) and steps to lead organizational committees through the process of operationalizing racial equity into their school/district/school. Each stage includes: Questions to consider, actions to consider, and resources are built into each sub-phase. We recommend that you move through each phase sequentially, with the reminder that teams can be in several phases at one time. Teams can also circle back to phases depending on the particular racial equity, diversity or inclusion initiative they may be focused on at the moment.

Calculating the answer to the question “How many people have ever lived on Earth?” is complicated. To begin with, when we initially wrote this article back in 1995, “modern” Homo sapiens (that is, people who were roughly like we are now) were thought to have first walked the Earth around 50,000 B.C.E. Discoveries now suggest modern Homo sapiens existed much earlier, around 200,000 B.C.E. This major change in our understanding of human existence spurred new calculations and consultations with experts, resulting in an estimate that about 117 billion members of our species have ever been born on Earth.

How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?

Author(s): Toshiko Kaneda and Carl Haub

Publisher: Population Reference Bureau (PRB)

Economic prospects have diverged further across countries since the April 2021 World Economic Outlook (WEO) forecast. Vaccine access has emerged as the principal fault line along which the global recovery splits into two blocs: those that can look forward to further normalization of activity later this year (almost all advanced economies) and those that will still face resurgent infections and rising COVID death tolls. The recovery, however, is not assured even in countries where infections are currently very low so long as the virus circulates elsewhere.

Fault Lines Widen in the Global Recovery

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: World Economic Outlook

Publication Date: 07/2021

The Sentencing Project's key fact sheet provides a compilation of major developments in the criminal justice system over the past several decades.

Trends in U.S. Corrections

Publisher: The Sentencing Project

Publication Date: 5/1/2021

https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/trends-in-u-s-corrections/

Recent research shows that people who have at least one ally at their job are nearly twice as likely to be satisfied and feel like they belong. As a manager, you have a unique opportunity to be role a model in building inclusion across teams, but you may face unique challenges in remote or hybrid settings.

Managers, Here’s How to Be a Better Ally in the Remote Workplace

Author(s): Melinda Briana Epler

Publisher: Harvard Business Review

Publication Date: 01/27/2022

https://hbr.org/2022/01/managers-heres-how-to-be-a-better-ally-in-the-remote-workplace

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This report presents data on diversity in public service organizations — in state and local government, education, health care, and related nonprofit organizations. It also compares historical and current public service diversity figures to those of the broader workforce. Aspects of diversity discussed include race, ethnicity, age, gender, and other categories (to the extent that data is available), such as LGBTQIA+ identification, veteran status, cognitive diversity, religion, and language.

Diversity, equity, and inclusion in the public service workforce

Author(s): MissionSquare Research Institute

Publication Date: 9/1/2021

The 2021 edition of International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and the labour market inclusion of immigrants in OECD countries. It also monitors recent policy changes in migration governance and integration in OECD countries. This edition includes two special chapters, one providing an in-depth analysis of the fiscal impact of migration in OECD countries since the mid 2000s and another on the causes and consequences of the residential segregation of immigrants. The Outlook also includes country notes and a detailed statistical annex.

International Migration Outlook 2021

Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Publication Date: 10/8/2021

Global prospects remain highly uncertain one year into the pandemic. New virus mutations and the accumulating human toll raise concerns, even as growing vaccine coverage lifts sentiment. Economic recoveries are diverging across countries and sectors, reflecting variation in pandemic-induced disruptions and the extent of policy support. The outlook depends not just on the outcome of the battle between the virus and vaccines—it also hinges on how effectively economic policies deployed under high uncertainty can limit lasting damage from this unprecedented crisis.Global growth is projected at 6 percent in 2021, moderating to 4.4 percent in 2022. The projections for 2021 and 2022 are stronger than in the October 2020 WEO.

A 2018 estimate of unemployment among the five million formerly incarcerated people living in the U.S. found that they are “unemployed at a rate of over 27% — higher than the total U.S. unemployment rate during any historical period, including the Great Depression.” In this article, author LeRon L. Barton poses the question: What role is the DEI sector playing in this fight?

What is DEI Doing for the Formerly Incarcerated?

Author(s): LeRon L. Barton

Publisher: Harvard Business Review

Publication Date: 9/6/2021

https://hbr.org/2021/09/what-is-dei-doing-for-the-formerly-incarcerated

The intent of this report is to provide the nation a better understanding of the extraordinary challenges state workforce agency staff faced during the 2020 pandemic and present the measurable results of their tireless efforts. For more information or to begin a conversation, use the contact information provided on each state’s profile within the report.

2021 State of the Workforce Report: Responding to the Pandemic

 

Publisher: National Association of State Workforce Agencies

Publication Date: 2021

https://www.naswa.org/system/files/2021-03/2021-state-of-the-workforce-reportweb3-9-21.pdf

Diversity Wins is the third report in a McKinsey series investigating the business case for diversity, following Why Diversity Matters (2015) and Delivering Through Diversity (2018). Our latest report shows not only that the business case remains robust but also that the relationship between diversity on executive teams and the likelihood of financial outperformance has strengthened over time. These findings emerge from our largest data set so far, encompassing 15 countries and more than 1,000 large companies. By incorporating a “social listening” analysis of employee sentiment in online reviews, the report also provides new insights into how inclusion matters. It shows that companies should pay much greater attention to inclusion, even when they are relatively diverse.

The global economic recovery is continuing, even as the pandemic resurges. The fault lines opened up by COVID-19 are looking more persistent—near-term divergences are expected to leave lasting imprints on medium-term performance. Vaccine access and early policy support are the principal drivers of the gaps.

Recovery during a Pandemic—Health Concerns, Supply Disruptions, Price Pressures

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: World Economic Outlook

Publication Date: 10/1/2021

2021 has been a year of economic recovery, as the world slowly transitions to a state of (relative) normalcy. But some companies are rebounding faster than others. According to Kantar BrandZTM , a lot of it has to do with the strength of a company's brand. With this in mind, here's a look at the world's most valuable brands in 2021.

The World's 100 Most Valuable Brands in 2021

Author(s): Carmen Ang

Publisher: Visual Capitalist

Publication Date: 10/6/2021

https://www.visualcapitalist.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/most-valuable-brands-2021.html

As the 21st century unfolds, American jails are confronting unprecedented challenges. While both the numbers and the demands of their populations have steadily grown, their resources have not kept pace. As a result, perhaps at no other time have jails been in greater need of capable staff and confident leadership. Yet within just a few years, retirements are expected to seriously diminish the ranks of managers, supervisors, and experienced line employees who are now staffing America’s jails. Add to that their ongoing struggle to recruit and retain well-qualified workers whose importance to the welfare of the community is often unappreciated, and it becomes clear why jail leaders throughout the country recently elevated workforce-related issues to a top national priority.

2020 will likely be remembered as the year the workplace changed forever. From in-office safety measures to work-from-home conference calls, leaders have been forced to reimagine every aspect of their management culture.

What's essential to performance? How does personal life shape professional life? What do our core values really mean when the marketplace throws a curveball?

As leaders navigated 2020's tough questions, many made transformative discoveries and tapped into new performance potential. After 12 months of challenges, leaders can walk away with decades' worth of invaluable workplace lessons.

7 Gallup Workplace Insights: What We Learned in 2021

Author(s): Ryan Pendell

Publisher: Gallup

A number of colleges and universities are finally acknowledging what caste-oppressed students, who mostly share a South Asian immigrant background, have long known, namely that “casteism tends to manifest in US colleges and universities through slurs, microaggressions and social exclusion”. These unfortunate dynamics are rooted in models of social stratification that have a far longer history than that of racism in the US, appearing first in The Rigveda, the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text that has been orally transmitted since the 2nd millennium BCE. And in the context of Hinduism, this type of ‘othering’ refers to the Brahminic ideology that hierarchizes society into its distinct and immovable social classes.

This annual report represents the collective voice of the global employee. In this edition, the pandemic and its aftershock continued to disrupt the workplace. Check out the most recent employee data and workplace trends in the State of the Global Workplace: 2022 Report.

State of the Global Workplace: 2021 Report

Publisher: Gallup

Publication Date: 2021

State of the Global Workplace: 2021 Report

A once-in-a-century crisis—a Great Disruption unleashed by a viral pandemic—hit the world economy in 2020. In a matter of months, the number of people living in poverty increased sharply, while income and wealth inequality trended towards new highs. Governments around the world responded rapidly—and boldly—to stem the health and economic contagion of the crisis. Fiscal and monetary stimulus packages were quickly rolled out to save the economy. The crisis responses, however, entailed difficult choices between saving lives and saving livelihoods, between speed of delivery and efficiency, and between short-term costs and long-term impacts.

Certified diversity executive, host of Diversity: Beyond the Checkbox podcast and Head of Content for The Diversity Movement, Jackie Ferguson, explains: As a society, we don’t always extend empathy to incarcerated and formerly-incarcerated people the way we do to other underserved groups. In fact, I’d say bias often leads us to believe their marginalization is somehow deserved or, at the very least, defensible. Yet if more people understood the reality of our criminal justice system — from wrongful convictions to the large number of people in prison because of small-time drug offenses — they might feel differently. They might even give formerly-incarcerated people a fresh chance at building a career and contributing positively to our workplaces and communities.

Experts doubt ethical AI design will be broadly adopted as the norm within the next decade.

A majority worries that the evolution of artificial intelligence by 2030 will continue to be primarily focused on optimizing profits and social control. They also cite the difficulty of achieving consensus about ethics. Many who expect progress say it is not likely within the next decade. Still, a portion celebrate coming AI breakthroughs that will improve life.

Experts Doubt Ethical AI Design Will Be Broadly Adopted as the Norm Within the Next Decade

Author(s): Lee Rainie, Janna Anderson and Emily A. Vogels

Publisher: Pew Research Center

Publication Date: 6/16/2021