Module 7: Section 5: Terms Used in the Field

This section defined a number of basic terms used in this module. These terms will be highlighted in purple throughout the module, allowing you to rollover the term to see the definition.

Case manager:
The individual responsible for establishing release planning and addressing offender issues during and after incarceration.
Criminogenic:
Recognized factors that are proven to correlate highly with future criminal behavior.
Discharge plan section:
Specifies interventions addressing the moment of release—those critical first hours and days after release from jail—and facilitating the provision of needed services in the community.
In-custody (pre-release) plan section:
Specifies prerelease interventions to be delivered by either jail staff or community-based providers conducting jail “in-reach.”
Post-release plan section:
Specifies interventions covering the mid- to long-term transition period to the community. Although the post-release plan is initially developed in jail, it should be revised in the community.
Prosocial:
Caring about the rights and welfare of others.1
Transition plan:
Preparation and strategy for each individual prisoner's release from custody, preparing them for return to the community in a law-abiding role after release. In some jurisdictions, transition plans are referred to as case management, discharge, reentry, supervision, or aftercare plans.
Trigger:
“A stimulus which has been repeatedly associated with the preparation for, anticipation of, or the use of alcohol or other drugs. These stimuli include people, places, things, time of day, emotional states, and secondary drug use.”2

1 J.W. A. Sanstock, A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007).

2 Joan E. Zweben, Peggy F. Hora, and Judith B. Cohen, Moving Evidence Based Treatment into the Drug Court Setting (Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 2004). Available at http: http://www.ebcrp.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/060506_040423_Moving-evi....

Let's Review

Let's revisit what we have learned so far in the Transition Plan Development module. Please select the phrase that correctly completes the following sentence.

A transition case manager is:

A criminal defense lawyer.

Assigned only to those who need medical assistance.

Responsible for establishing release planning.

Any jail employee contributing to the transition process.

Summary

In this section, you learned basic terms that are used throughout this module.

Conclusion

The main goal of Targeted Intervention Strategies is to develop and implement individualized transition plans based on assessed risk and needs in order to coordinate programming and services in the jail, and to link inmates with appropriate community resources upon release. Well-conceived transition plans group incarcerated persons by risk and need, consider all post-release treatment/placement options, offer services in jail that are consistent with those in the community, and place high importance on the input and assistance of the incarcerated persons themselves. Such plans position both incarcerated persons and system professionals to achieve the many benefits associated with successful transition from jail to the community.